по-русски

Actual Problems
of Economics and Law

 

16+

 

DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.14.2020.2.275-283

скачать PDF

Authors :
1. Sergey A. Alekseyev, lieutenant colonel of police, PhD (Law), Associate Professor of the Department of Criminology
Nizhniy Novgorod Academy of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs

2. Dmitriy A. Shpilev, Doctor of Sociology, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Criminologys; Professor of the Department of General Sociology and Social Work
Nizhniy Novgorod Academy of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs; National Research Nizhniy Novgorod State University named after N. I. Lobachevski

3. Evgeniya N. Shlyagina, post-graduate student of the Department of General Sociology and Social Work
National Research Nizhniy Novgorod State University named after N. I. Lobachevski



Social portrait of a police officer today


Objective: to study the social portrait of a police officer at the present stage, their attitude to work (promotion, labor intensity, psychological atmosphere), family, marriage, financial status, recreation, and retirement.
 
Methods: dialectic approach to cognition of social phenomena allowing to analyze them in their historical development and functioning in the context of a set of objective and subjective factors, which determined the choice of the following research methods: formal-logical, comparative-legal, sociological.
 
Results: the paper analyzes the social profile of police officers, their views on the future, family, and career. Special attention is paid to the problems of police officers in the service and at home – bureaucracy in the workplace, financial difficulties, situation with housing, attitude to family and marriage. The positive and negative coefficients of police officers’ agreement with the proposed questions are analyzed. The questions with maximum coefficient of agreement were: a) the monetary allowance of employees is the main means of their material provision; b) the life and health of a police officer is insured
at the expense of budgetary funds; c) family members of a police officer are proud of their profession. The questions with maximum coefficient of disagreement included the following: a) neighbors are alert when communicating with family members of a police officer; b) I am completely satisfied with the amount of bonuses to the official salary for performing complex tasks; c) a police officer is forced to be friends only with other police officers.
 
Scientific novelty: the paper concludes that currently employees of internal affairs agencies perceive stability and confidence in their position. As positive aspects of their work, the police officers note the high level of professionalism of the team, long vacation, and early retirement. However, there are a number of problems that need to be addressed. These include an excessive amount of paperwork, high stress levels, and financial problems.
 
Practical significance: the main provisions and conclusions of the article can be used in scientific, educational and law enforcement activities when considering issues related to guarantees of social protection of police officers: remuneration, mandatory state insurance, provision of housing for police officers, medical care and other guarantees.

Keywords :
Criminal law, criminology; Social portrait of a police officer; Financial status; Dwelling conditions; Marriage and family; Children; Career

Bibliography :
1. Zueva O. V. Studying public opinion as a means to optimize police activities, Logos et Praxis, 2017, No. 16 (2), pp. 100–106 (in Russ.).
2. Rodimushkina O. V., Yakovlev O. V., Chupis I. N. Features of forming public estimations of police activity under modern conditions, Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii, 2018, No. 1 (84), pp. 36–148 (in Russ.).
3. Timko S. A. New procedure of monitoring public opinion on police activities: critical view, Vestnik Sibirskogo yuridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii, 2017, No. 2 (27), pp. 70–75 (in Russ.).
4. Sukhinin A. V. Suicidal behavior of police officers: problems of causes and proving, Vestnik Volgogr. gos. un-ta. Ser. 5, Yurisprudentsiya, 2011, No. 1 (14), pp. 181–185 (in Russ.).
5. Zapol'nova L. A. Mechanism of implementing social protection of police officers, Strategic management: theory, practice, works of the 14th regional scientific-practical conference, Moscow, 2016, pp. 176–181 (in Russ.).
6. Mazdogova Z. Z. Problems of police officers’ social protection implementation today, Probely v rossiiskom zakonodatel'stve. Yuridicheskii zhurnal, 2016, No. 3, pp. 213–215 (in Russ.).
7. Pozdnyshov A. N., Arzumanyan A. A. Some aspects of researching and improving legal and organizational bases of social provision and social protection of police officers, Nauka i obrazovanie: khozyaistvo i ekonomika; predprinimatel'stvo; pravo i upravlenie, 2018, No. 3 (94), pp. 52–55 (in Russ.).
8. Useinova E. V. Legal and social protection of police officers, Krymskii akademicheskii vestnik, 2017, No. 1, pp. 163–166 (in Russ.).
9. Yakushev V. A. Problems of ensuring social protection of police officers, Report of scientific research No. of clause 34 of Scientific research plan of Siberian Law Institute of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs of 17.05.2017 (Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs) (in Russ.).
10. Nikonova Yu. A., Perepelitsa M. A. Guarantees of social protection of a police officer, Alleya nauki, 2018, Vol. 1, No. 10 (26), pp. 786–789 (in Russ.).
11. Starosel'tseva M. M., Kolesova T. S., Lysenko E. S. Providing police officers with dwelling as a guarantee of social protection and measure for promoting the prestige of police service, Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo, 2019, No. 8 (176), pp. 12–15 (in Russ.).

Citation :
Alekseyev S. A., Shpilev D. A., Shlyagina E. N. Social portrait of a police officer today, Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 2020, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 275–283 (in Russ.). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21202/1993-047X.14.2020.2.275-283

Type of article : The scientific article

Date of receipt of the article :
12.02.2020

Date of adoption of the print :
10.04.2020

Date of online accommodation :
25.06.2020