Actual Problems of
Economics and Law




DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.11.2017.4.226-241

скачать PDF

Authors :
1. Elena Lyudvigovna Iakovleva, Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, Head of the Department of Philosophy and Social-Political Sciences
Kazan Innovative University named after V. G. Timiryasov (IEML)

2. Natalya Sergeevna Seliverstova, PhD (Economics), Senior Lecturer of the Department of Economic Theory
Kazan (Volga) Federal University

3. Olga Vitalyevna Grigoryeva, PhD (Biology), Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Developmental Psychology and Psychophysiology
Kazan Innovative University named after V. G. Timiryasov (IEML)

Concept of digital nomad: fundamental risks of digital economy development

Objective: to identify the key risks of the digital economy development.

Methods: abstract-logical and dialectical methods.

Results: a modern individual cannot imagine their life without digital devices which facilitate their functioning and enable them to be included into the virtual space. The role of digital economy in the changes in all spheres of human life is analyzed in the article. With the growing role of the digital economy, the approaches to business models formation are changing, as well as the role of digital assets. This also leads to the transformation of human behavior, the new risks of the digital economy accelerated development. In this regard, the article characterizes an individual as a digital nomad, defines the features of their behavior in the socio-economic environment, and highlights the main risks that arise in connection with digital nomadism. It is determined that one of the most characteristic features of a modern person is hyper-mobility, e-parkourism. In addition, the paper describes the problems of anonymity in virtual space and the emergence of systems that provide anonymity of the individual, as well as the risks arising in connection with that. The problem of lack of culture and value systems in the virtual space is highlighted, as well the problem of developing contradictions in information, leading to the alienation of people from the real world. It was determined that the informatization of economy, on the one hand, leads to faster business processes, reduced transaction costs, saving of variable costs due to robotization of production, and on the other hand, it leads to the transformation of competition, growth of tension in society in connection with the job cuts. Another problem is personal and national security, associated with the development of social networks, the developers of which are other countries, and also with the emergence of mechanisms of influence on mass consciousness.

Scientific novelty: it is shown that the risks posed by intensive development of the digital economy are associated mainly with the socio-cultural factors and a new form of identity – digital nomadism. The mechanisms are proposed, by which it is possible to overcome some of the identified risks.

Practical significance: dialectical understanding of the digital nomadism will provide a basis for further research, as well as reduce the level of uncertainty for economic actors operating under the described conditions.

Keywords :

Digital economy; Digital nomad; Modernization; Risks; Networks; Behavioral barriers; Economic growth; Employment; E-parkurism

Bibliography :

1. Howson S. The origins of Lionel Robbins's essay on the nature and significance of economic science, History of Political Economy, 2004, vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 413–443.
2. Bye R. T. The scope and definition of economics, Journal of Political Economy, 1939, vol. 47, No. 5, pp. 623–647.
3. Kushida K. E., Murray J., Zysman J. Diffusing the cloud: Cloud computing and implications for public policy, Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, 2011, vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 209–237.
4. Kenney M., Pon B. Structuring the smartphone industry: is the mobile internet OS platform the key?, Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, 2011, vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 239–261.
5. Rifkin J. The Third Industrial Revolution: How Lateral Power is Transforming Energy, the Economy, and the World, New York Times, 2011, ISBN 978-0-230-11521-7.
6. The New Digital Economy. How it will transform business, Oxford Economics. A research paper produced in collaboration with AT&T, Cisco, Citi, PwC & SAP, 2011, available at: http://www.pwc.com/mt/en/publications/assets/the-new-digital-economy.pdf (access date: 21.08.2017).
7. Hancock N. J., Joux N. R., Wingreen S. C., Kemp S., Thomas J., Helton W. S. Positive post-disaster images: A daydream machine?, British Journal of Psychology, 2017, vol. 108, No. 3, pp. 528–543.
8. Digital Economy Compass, Statista.com, April 2017, available at: www.statista.com (access date: 10.07.2017).
9. Iakovleva E. L. Digital nomad as a new form of personality identity, Filosofiya i kul'tura, 2015, No. 11, pp. 1655–1664 (in Russ.).
10. Russell G., Holmes D. Electronic nomads? Implications of trends in adolescents' use of communication and information technology, Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 1996, vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 133.
11. Crang M. Public space, urban space and electronic space: would the real city please stand up?, Urban Studies, 2000, vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 301–317.
12. De Benoist A. Confronting globalization, Telos-ST Louis mo then New York, 1996, pp. 117–138.
13. Guattari F. Space and corporeity: nomads, city drawings, Semiotexte/Architecture, 1992, vol. 125.
14. Mitchell W. J. Me++: The cyborg self and the networked city, Cambridge, Mass. London: Mit Press, 2004.
15. Attali Zh. At the verge of a new millenium, available at: http://modernlib.ru/books/attali_zhak/na_poroge_novogo_tisyacheletiya/read (access date: 15.09.2017) (in Russ.).
16. Delez Zh., Gvattari F. Treatise on nomadology, available at: http://www.situation.ru/app/_art_1022.htm (access date: 15.09.2017) (in Russ.).
17. Grigor'ev R. A., Klimanova A. R., Kramin M. V., Kramin T. V. Social capital as a growth factor of economic systems competitiveness, Vektor nauki Tol'yattinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, Ser. Ekonomika i upravlenie, 2015, No. 4, pp. 29–34 (in Russ.).

18. Abashev A., Grigoryev R., Grigorian K., Boyko V. Programming Tools for Messenger-Based Chatbot System Organization: Implication for Outpatient and Translational Medicines, BioNanoScience, 2016, pp. 1–5.
19. Benua A. D. Facing globalization, Universum: Vestnik Gertsenovskogo universiteta, 2012, No. 2 (in Russ.).
20. Abdulkhairov A. Z., Abdulkhairova E. M. Crimean tourism and recreation activity in the context of “new nomadism” concept, Servis v Rossii i za rubezhom, 2016, vol. 10, No. 9 (70) (in Russ.).
21. Internet Live Stats, The official World Wide Web Anniversary Site, available at: www.internetlivestats.com (access date: 01.08.2017).
22. Mamardashvili M. K. Conscience and civilization, M. K. Mamardashvili How I understand philosophy, Moscow, 1990, pp. 107–121 (in Russ.).
23. Morozova E. I. Digital trace of a personality: involuntary publicity, Sign: problem field of media-education, 2015, No. 3 (17), pp. 42–45 (in Russ.).
24. Shut O. V. Recognition algorithms for tasks with combined teaching information and their efficiency, International congress on Information Science: information systems and technologies: works of international scientific congress, ed. S. V. Ablameiko, 2016, pp. 994–999 (in Russ.).
25. Central Bank of the Russian Federation for the tenth time shifts upwards the boundaries of currency corridor up to 32.35–39.35 rubles, MFD.ru, 10 oktyabrya, 2013, available at: https://mfd.ru/news/view/?id=1847560 (access date: 15.08.2017) (in Russ.).
26. Solodkov A. Ulyukaev’s bottom: how the former minister described Russia managing crisis, Delo Ulyukaeva, 2016, available at: http://www.rbc.ru/economics/16/11/2016/582c60f49a79477587c32bf2 (access date: 06.08.2017) (in Russ.).
27. Gigerenzer G., Goldstein D. G. Mind as computer: Birth of a metaphor, Creativity Research Journal, 1996, vol. 9, No. 2–3, pp. 131–144.
28. Chaadaev P. Ya. Philosophic letters, Moscow, 1987 (in Russ.).
29. Rykhtik M. I. “Humanitarian aspects of modernization”, Region under modernization: social institutions: works
of the 2nd International scietific-practical conference, Nizhny Novgorod: НИСОЦ, 2013, p. 551 (in Russ.).
30. Anderson K. Long tail. New model of business, Мoscow: Vershina, 2008, 272 p. (in Russ.).
31. Makkuair S. Media city: media, architecture and city space, Moscow: Strelka Press, 2014, 392 p. (in Russ.).
32. Balakhnin I. Horizontal world: economy, innovations, new media, Мoscow: Ideabooks Publishing, 2012, 94 p. (in Russ.).
33. Chemberlin E. Kh., Ol'sevich O. Ya., Leikin E. G., Rozovskii L. Ya. Theory of monopolistic competition: Re-orientation of cost theory, Мoscow: Ekonomika, 1996, 349 p. (in Russ.).
34. How often do we enter social networks?, available at: http://www.cybersecurity.ru/net/172466.html (access date: 22.08.2017) (in Russ.).
35. Laughland J. Technique of coup d’état, in: Laughland J. Orange networks: from Belgrade to Bishkek, ed. N. A. Narochnitskaya, Saint Petersburg, Aleteiya, 2008, pp. 23–38 (in Russ.).
36. Chernavskii A. S., Kasukanova K. E. Role of social networks in the organization of “Arab Spring”, Natsional'naya assotsiatsiya uchenykh, 2015, No. 9–4, pp. 19–22 (in Russ.).
37. Vlasenko T. T. Global social networks as a systemic resource of political actions, Politicheskaya ekspertiza: POLITEKS, 2012, vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 48–61 (in Russ.).
38. Ben-Shakhar O., Schneider C. E. The failure of mandated disclosure, Aktual'nye problemy ekonomiki i prava, 2017, vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 170–198 (in Russ.).
39. In 10 years robots will appear in every Berdsk town resident, available at: http://svidetel24.info/archives/41503 (access date: 10.08.2017) (in Russ.).
40. Bill Gates proposed to tax robots’ labor, РБК, available at: http://www.rbc.ru/business/18/02/2017/58a7ee769a7947fbe0503587 (access date: 10.08.2017) (in Russ.).
41. Kozyr'kov V. P. Modern information luddites, Topical issues of social communication: Works of the 1st International scientificpractical conference. Nizhniy Novgorod State Technical University named after R. E. Alekseev, 2010, pp. 150–153 (in Russ.).
42. Tsirel' S. V. Economy of the nearest future, TERRA ECONOMICUS, 2017, vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 44–67 (in Russ.).
43. Piketty T. Capital in the Twenty-First Century, Cambridge (Massachusetts) and London (England): Harvard University Press, 2014, 696 p.
44. Kaldor N. Capital accumulation and economic growth. In: F. A. Lutz, D. C. Hague, The theory of capital, New York, 1961, pp. 177–222.
45. Cohen A. J., Harcourt G. C. Whatever Happened to the Cambridge Capital Theory Controversies?, Voprosy ekonomiki, 2009, No. 8, pp. 4–27 (in Russ.).
46. Akaev A., Ichkitidze Y., Sarygulov A., Sokolov V. Social Evolution in Terms of Economic Dynamics: Eastern European Countries between 1990 and 2014, Social Evolution & History, 2016, vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 3–24.

47. Krydowski M. Human capital investments and the firm competitiveness during the downturn, Bezpieczeństwo i Technika Pożarnicza, 2011, vol. 11, pp. 49–57.
48. Ivanyushkin A. Doctors’ ethics in Russia (19th – beginning of the 20th cc), Bioetika: printsipy, pravila, problem, Moscow: Editorial URSS, 1998, pp. 93–110 (in Russ.).

Citation :

Iakovleva E. L., Seliverstova N. S., Grigoryeva O. V. Concept of digital nomad: fundamental risks of digital economy development, Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 2017, vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 226–241 (in Russ.). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21202/1993-047X.11.2017.4.226-241

Type of article : The scientific article

Date of receipt of the article :

Date of adoption of the print :

Date of online accommodation :