Actual Problems of
Economics and Law




DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.11.2017.4.170-225

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Authors :
1. Edward L. Rubin, Professor of Law and Political Science
Vanderbilt University Law School

Bureaucratic oppression: its causes and cures

Objective: to consider and study the legal procedures aimed at deterring bureaucratic oppression.

Methods: dialectic approach to cognition of social phenomena, enabling to analyze them in historical development and functioning in the context of the totality of objective and subjective factors that determined the choice of the following research methods: analysis, synthesis, comparison, systematic, formal-legal, comparative-legal methods.

Results: the auricle views legal procedures aimed at deterring bureaucratic oppression. The author comes to the conclusion that these legal procedures are one of the multiple mechanisms which allow regulation of interaction between a state and private persons. As the problem extends to an extremely broad range of interactions, the paper analyzes and reveals the features of only certain types of potentially oppressing interactions between a state and citizens: the treatment of business enterprises by regulatory agencies; the treatment of government grantees by funding agencies; the treatment of individuals by protective services; and the treatment of individuals in government institutions.

Scientific novelty: Part I of the Article discusses the sources of bureaucratic oppression and identifies four such sources: status differences, stranger relations, institutional pathologies, and divergent incentives. Part II explores four solutions to the problem of bureaucratic oppression that have been proposed and in some cases implemented. The first two – the judicial solution of due process and the legislative solution of ombudspersons - involve actors external to the administrative system. The second two – the management theory solution of client-centered administration and the microeconomic solution of market simulating mechanisms – are internal to that system. Because of the limitations of these various solutions, Part III proposes an additional solution, described as a collaborative monitor. This monitor would be an agency of the legislature that could bring the issue of oppressiveness to an administrative agency's attention and then work collaboratively with that agency to resolve or ameliorate the problem.

Practical significance: the main provisions and conclusions of the article can be used in scientific, educational, law-making and law-enforcement activities.

Keywords :

Bureaucratic oppression; Causes of bureaucratic oppression; Means of bureaucratic oppression

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Original publication: https://wustllawreview.org/volumes/90/issues/2/articles/2/

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Rubin E. Bureaucratic oppression: its causes and cures, Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 2017, vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 170–225. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21202/1993-047X.11.2017.4.170-225

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