Actual Problems
of Economics and Law




DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.14.2020.2.301-313

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Authors :
1. Anna L. Lebed, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Criminal Law, Law Faculty
Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia

Shoplifting as a type of economic losses in retail network trade

Objective: to identify, systematize and characterize shoplifting as a type of economic loss in food and related products retail chains.
Methods: dialectical method of cognition and a set of general and specific scientific methods: comparative legal, formal logical, statistical analysis, system-structural, specific sociological methods (survey, questionnaire), modeling.
Results: the performed analysis helped to identify, systematize and characterize shoplifting as a type of economic loss in retail chains. One of the major reasons for the increase in shoplifting is reduction in real disposable income of the population and the implementation of restrictive measures due to the spread of the new corona virus infection and combating the COVID-19 pandemic, such as suspension (limitation) of the activities of organizations and individual entrepreneurs without keeping employees’ wages. The article analyzes the main indicators of the retail chain market. Shoplifting in food segment of the retail market was studied by the example of Saint Petersburg. It was revealed that the number of shoplifts has increased dramatically during the pandemic; the nature of thefts has changed, including the portrait of a thief, product groups and time characteristics of thefts. Changes in shoplifting in foreign retail sector are considered. The article also analyzes the structure of economic losses of retail stores.
Scientific novelty: the novelty of the research consists in a systematic analysis of shoplifting as a type of economic loss in retail chains. For the first time, a systematic analysis of the dynamics of shoplifting in Saint Petersburg was conducted, as well as changes in the pattern of theft during the pandemic. The key reasons for changing the shoplifting dynamics are formulated. The key conditions for reducing shoplifting were identified, as well as the prospects for the development of online sales market in the context of corona virus infection, and its role in reducing theft.
Practical significance: the main provisions and conclusions can be used in the activities of internal security services of retail chain companies, security and related companies, for development of preventive strategies and implementation of measures to prevent shoplifting.

Keywords :
Retail trade chains; Retail chain companies; Economic losses; Shoplifting; New corona virus infection; COVID-19 pandemic; Prophylaxis

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Citation :
Lebed A. L. Shoplifting as a type of economic losses in retail network trade, Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 2020, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 301–313 (in Russ.). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21202/1993-047X.14.2020.2.301-313

Type of article : The scientific article

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