по-русски

Actual Problems
of Economics and Law

 

16+

 

DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.14.2020.2.301-313

скачать PDF

Authors :
1. Anna L. Lebed, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Criminal Law, Law Faculty
Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia



Shoplifting as a type of economic losses in retail network trade


Objective: to identify, systematize and characterize shoplifting as a type of economic loss in food and related products retail chains.
 
Methods: dialectical method of cognition and a set of general and specific scientific methods: comparative legal, formal logical, statistical analysis, system-structural, specific sociological methods (survey, questionnaire), modeling.
 
Results: the performed analysis helped to identify, systematize and characterize shoplifting as a type of economic loss in retail chains. One of the major reasons for the increase in shoplifting is reduction in real disposable income of the population and the implementation of restrictive measures due to the spread of the new corona virus infection and combating the COVID-19 pandemic, such as suspension (limitation) of the activities of organizations and individual entrepreneurs without keeping employees’ wages. The article analyzes the main indicators of the retail chain market. Shoplifting in food segment of the retail market was studied by the example of Saint Petersburg. It was revealed that the number of shoplifts has increased dramatically during the pandemic; the nature of thefts has changed, including the portrait of a thief, product groups and time characteristics of thefts. Changes in shoplifting in foreign retail sector are considered. The article also analyzes the structure of economic losses of retail stores.
 
Scientific novelty: the novelty of the research consists in a systematic analysis of shoplifting as a type of economic loss in retail chains. For the first time, a systematic analysis of the dynamics of shoplifting in Saint Petersburg was conducted, as well as changes in the pattern of theft during the pandemic. The key reasons for changing the shoplifting dynamics are formulated. The key conditions for reducing shoplifting were identified, as well as the prospects for the development of online sales market in the context of corona virus infection, and its role in reducing theft.
 
Practical significance: the main provisions and conclusions can be used in the activities of internal security services of retail chain companies, security and related companies, for development of preventive strategies and implementation of measures to prevent shoplifting.

Keywords :
Retail trade chains; Retail chain companies; Economic losses; Shoplifting; New corona virus infection; COVID-19 pandemic; Prophylaxis

Bibliography :
1. Methodological materials for a training seminar “Program for preventing shoplifting”, Moscow, Izd-vo OOO "Tekhnologii Bezopasnosti Biznesa", 2007, 146 p. (in Russ.).
2. Ryzhova I. O., Gorokhova S. S. Criminal-legal qualification of shoplifting and its prevention by using technical means, Fundamental'nye i prikladnye issledovaniya kooperativnogo sektora ekonomiki, 2007, No. 2, pp. 68–71 (in Russ.).
3. Tashmagambetov A. M. State-private partnership in struggling against shoplifting and anti-social behavior, Perspektivy nauki, 2013, No. 12 (51), pp. 107–110 (in Russ.).
4. Igumenov A. S. Topical issues of struggling against thefts from stores and shops, Vestnik Ufimskogo yuridicheskogo institute MVD Rossii, 2014, No. 2, pp. 67–72 (in Russ.).
5. Boiko O. A. Thefts from supermarkets: determinants and measures of counteraction, Vestnik Omskogo universiteta, 2018, No. 1 (54), pp. 170–174 (in Russ.).
6. Boiko O. A., Panov S. L. Will supermarkets protect self-service cash desks from thefts?, Viktimologiya, 2018, No. 1 (15), pp. 93–97 (in Russ.).
7. Belyakova E. S., Cherkasskaya D. O. et al. Studying the problem of shoplifting in Russia and means of reducing them, Aktual'nye problem ekonomiko-pravovogo razvitiya Rossii i regionov: sbornik nauchnykh trudov Mezhvuzovskoi nauchnoprakticheskoi konferentsii, Krasnoyarsk, 2019, pp. 34–39 (in Russ.).
8. SavitskiiA. A. Shoplifting: new aspects of old theft, Istoriya i arkheologiya, 2015, No. 12 (32), pp. 3–10 (in Russ.).
9. Korchagina S. V., TsaregorodtsevaS. R. Shoplifting as a social phenomenon. Natsional'naya bezopasnost' i strategicheskoe planirovanie, 2017, No. 1 (17), pp. 83–91 (in Russ.).
10. Lebed A. L. Thefts in shops (shoplifting) in consumer society, Mauritius, BeauBassin, LAР LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2018, 242 p. (in Russ.).
11. Lebed A. L. Shoplifting in consumer society, Vestnik Orlovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, Ser. Novye gumanitarnye issledovaniya, 2015, No. 6 (47), pp. 261–263 (in Russ.).
12. Lebed A. L. Shoplifting in Russia: research directions, Zakon i zhizn', 2017, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 38–46 (in Russ.).
13. Lebed A. L. Classification of shoplifters in Russia, Vestnik Kazanskogo yuridicheskogo institute MVD Rossii, 2017, No. 2 (28), pp. 66–69 (in Russ.).
14. Lebed A. L. Shoplifting in Russia: problem setting, Vestnik Krasnodarskogo universiteta MVD Rossii, 2017, No. 3 (37), pp. 45–50 (in Russ.).
15. Lebed A. L. Social-demographic characteristics of persons committing thefts from shops (by materials of Saint Petersburg), Vestnik Kazanskogo yuridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii, 2019, No. 2 (36), pp. 143–149 (in Russ.).
16. Lebed A. L. Social Control over Crime: What Has to Be Done?: Proceedings of the XXXII International Baltic Criminological Conference), Saint Petersburg, 21–22 June 2019, ed. Ya. I. Gilinskiy, Saint Petersburg, Izd-vo RGPU im. A. I. Gertsena, 2019, pp. 114–119 (in Russ.).
17. The Smart Cube. A study of the cost of merchandise theft and merchandise availability for the global retail industry. Inc. 101. Wolf Drive Thorofare, NJ, Checkpoint Systems, The New Barometer, 2014–2015, 135 p.
18. The Smart Cube. A study of the cost of merchandise theft and merchandise availability for the global retail industry. Inc. 101. Wolf Drive Thorofare, NJ, Checkpoint Systems, The New Barometer, 2013–2014, 65 p.
19. Gilinskii Ya. I. Criminology: theory, history, empirical base, social control. Author’s lecture course, Saint Petersburg, Alef-Press, 2018, 517 p. (in Russ.).
20. Infoline Retail Russia TOP-100. Results of 2018. Trends of 2019. Prognosis up to 2021, Moscow, IKA"Infoline", 2019, 367 p. (in Russ.).
21. Retail trade networks selling food and tying products in Russia. 2015. Analytical review, Moscow, RBK, 2015, 873 p. (in Russ.).
22. Babitskaya T. I. Problems of goods loss accounting, Izvestiya Irkutskoi gosudarstvennoi ekonomicheskoi akademii, 2011, No. 1 (in Russ.).
23. Kostyukova I. N. Lugovskoi D. V. Accounting of shortages and losses due to goods spoilage, Bukhgalter i zakon, 2011, No. 11 (155), pp. 13–21 (in Russ.).
24. Prishchepa L. V. Natural decrease and loss of goods, Innovatsionnaya ekonomika: perspektivy razvitiya i sovershenstvovaniya, 2016, No. 5 (15), pp. 122–127 (in Russ.).
25. Chumarin I. G. Preventing losses in retail trade. Tested techniques, Saint Petersburg, Piter, 2007, 192 p. (in Russ.).
26. National Incident-Based Reporting System Offense Definitions by Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2011, 112 p.
27. Carroll J., Weaver F. Shoplifters' Perceptions of Crime Opportunities: A Process-Tracing Study, The Reasoning Criminal, ed. Derek B. Cornish, Ronald V. Clarke, New York, NY, Springer-Verlag, 1986, рp. 19–38.
28. Glossary of Police Terms by Metropolitan Police Department of the District of Columbia, 2013, 220 p.

Citation :
Lebed A. L. Shoplifting as a type of economic losses in retail network trade, Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 2020, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 301–313 (in Russ.). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21202/1993-047X.14.2020.2.301-313

Type of article : The scientific article

Date of receipt of the article :
23.01.2020

Date of adoption of the print :
18.04.2020

Date of online accommodation :
25.06.2020