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Актуальные проблемы
экономики и права

 

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DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.13.2019.3.1430-1449

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Авторы :
1. Джессика Сондерс, PhD помощник криминалиста
Корпорация RAND

2. Вирджиния Котциас, M.P.P. аналитик
Корпорация RAND

3. Раджив Рамшанд, PhD главный вице-президент по научным исследованиям; научный сотрудник
некоммерческая благотворительная организация Cohen Veterans Network; корпорация RAND



Стресс в работе сотрудников правоохранительных органов в наши дни: влияние меняющейся социально-политической обстановки


Цель: изучение стресса в работе сотрудников правоохранительных органов в условиях меняющейся социально-политической обстановки.


Методы: диалектический подход к познанию социальных явлений, позволяющий проанализировать их в историческом развитии и функционировании в контексте совокупности объективных и субъективных факторов, который определил выбор следующих методов исследования: формально-логический, сравнительно-правовой, социологический.


Результаты: по результатам опроса представителей 110 отделов правоохранительных органов представлена динамика факторов профессионального стресса за последние годы. Самыми частотными факторами названы повседневные действия по охране правопорядка, которые представляют потенциальную опасность для полицейских, административная нагрузка и посменная работа, связанные с работой проблемы семейных и межличностных отношений, а также негативное отношение общества к полиции и его отражение в средствах массовой информации. По словам респондентов, полицейские испытывают все больше страха и стресса из-за изменений социально-политической обстановки, которая характеризуется напряженными отношениями между общественностью и полицией, непрерывным информационным потоком и повсеместным распространением персональных устройств для создания видеозаписей и распространения их в Сети.


Научная новизна: впервые представлен анализ влияния стресса в работе сотрудников правоохранительных органов в условиях меняющейся социально-политической обстановки. Среди положительных факторов, меняющих стрессовую обстановку к лучшему, выявлены три новых аспекта изменений стресса: 1) текущая социополитическая обстановка; 2) поколенческие сдвиги среди сотрудников правоохранительных органов; 3) предпринятые усилия по дестигматизации медицинской помощи в области психического здоровья.


Практическая значимость: основные положения и выводы статьи могут быть использованы в научной, педагогической и правоприменительной деятельности при рассмотрении и изучении вопросов, связанных со стрессом в работе сотрудников правоохранительных органов в условиях меняющейся социально-политической обстановки.


Ключевые слова :

правоохранительные органы; стресс сотрудников правоохранительных органов; адаптивные возможности; взаимоотношения между общественностью и полицией; движение «Жизнь чернокожих имеет значение»


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Цитирование :

Как цитировать русскоязычную версию статьи: Сондерс Д., Котциас В., Рамшанд Р. Стресс в работе сотрудников правоохранительных органов в наши дни: влияние меняющейся социально-политической обстановки // Актуальные проблемы экономики и права. 2019. Т. 13, № 3. С. 1430–1449. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21202/1993-047X.13.2019.3.1430-1449


Тип статьи : Научная статья

Дата поступления статьи :
21.05.2019

Дата принятия в печать :
05.08.2019

Дата онлайн размещения :
25.09.2019