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Актуальные проблемы
экономики и права

 

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DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.13.2019.3.1412-1429

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Авторы :
1. Пол Д. Рейнольдс, PhD, ассистент кафедры уголовного права
Университет Северного Техаса в Далласе

2. Ричард С. Хелферс, PhD, доцент программы уголовного права
Университет Техаса в Тайлере



Организационная несправедливость и дисциплинарные нарушения в полиции: предсказание организационных нарушений среди сотрудников полиции


Цель: изучение влияния организационной несправедливости на нарушение дисциплины сотрудниками правоохранительных органов в Соединенных Штатах Америки.


Методы: диалектический подход к познанию социальных явлений, позволяющий проанализировать их в историческом развитии и функционировании в контексте совокупности объективных и субъективных факторов, который определил выбор следующих методов исследования: формально-логический, сравнительно-правовой, социологический.


Результаты: многочисленные исследования подтверждают связь между проявлением справедливости на рабочем месте и производительностью труда. В данной работе организационная справедливость рассматривается как теоретическая основа для предсказания нарушений дисциплины сотрудниками полиции. В частности, исследовались реакции сотрудников полиции на действия, воспринимаемые как несправедливые, и выявлялась связь между восприятием общего уровня несправедливости и каждой из трех форм дисциплинарных нарушений: 1) использование норм и правил учреждения против руководства, 2) намеренный подрыв установок руководства и 3) невыполнение принятых норм и процедур. Сбор данных осуществлялся нерепрезентативной выборкой через Интернет посредством самоотчетов штатных полицейских – членов ассоциации офицеров полиции в одном из южных штатов.

 

Научная новизна: в работе впервые проанализировано влияние организационной несправедливости на нарушение дисциплины сотрудниками полиции. При анализе использовались методы многочленной логистической регрессии, исходя из предположения, что восприятие обстановки на рабочем месте как в целом несправедливой приводит к проявлению форм дисциплинарных нарушений: 1) использование норм и правил учреждения против руководства, 2) намеренный подрыв установок руководства и 3) невыполнение принятых норм и процедур.


Практическая значимость: основные положения и выводы статьи могут быть использованы в научной, педагогической и правоприменительной деятельности при рассмотрении и изучении вопросов, связанных с влиянием организационной несправедливости на нарушение дисциплины сотрудниками полиции.


Ключевые слова :

организационная честность; организационная справедливость; организационная несправедливость; дисциплина; нарушение дисциплины; правоохранительные органы; полиция; сотрудники полиции; контрпродуктивность; рабочее место


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Цитирование :

Как цитировать русскоязычную версию статьи: Рейнольдс П., Хелферс Р. С. Организационная несправедливость и дисциплинарные нарушения в полиции: предсказание организационных нарушений среди сотрудников полиции // Актуальные проблемы экономики и права. 2019. Т. 13, № 3. С. 1412–1429. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21202/1993-047X.13.2019.3.1412-1429


Тип статьи : Научная статья

Дата поступления статьи :
10.06.2019

Дата принятия в печать :
12.08.2019

Дата онлайн размещения :
25.09.2019