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Актуальные проблемы
экономики и права

 

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DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.12.2018.4.842-860

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Авторы :
1. Нэнси Марион, доктор философии, профессор, заведующая кафедрой политологии и уголовного права
Акронский университет, США

2. Джошуа Б. Хилл, доктор философии, доцент кафедры уголовного права
Университет Южного Миссисипи, США



Президентская риторика демонстрации контроля над преступностью (на примере киберпреступности)


Цель: комплексный анализ президентской риторики демонстрации контроля над преступностью.


Методы: диалектический подход к познанию социальных явлений, позволяющий проанализировать их в историческом развитии и функционировании в контексте совокупности объективных и субъективных факторов, который определил выбор следующих методов исследования: формально-логический, сравнительно-правовой и социологический.


Результаты: темой публичных выступлений президентов все чаще становится уголовное правосудие. Многие их политические речи призваны создать впечатление борьбы с преступностью и насилием, тогда как реальные меры не принимаются. Более того, если какие-либо действия и предпринимаются, они неэффективны и не приводят ни к каким значительным изменениям в политике. Формирование впечатления, что президенты борются с преступностью, часто называют демонстрацией контроля над преступностью. Для нее характерно использование вымышленных нарративов, моральной обеспокоенности, низкого уровня разногласий в обществе, а также неэффективности политики в данной области. В более ранних исследованиях была неоднократно показана значимость демонстрации контроля над преступностью в различных аспектах уголовного правосудия, однако они никогда не касались современной проблемы киберпреступности.


Научная новизна: в работе впервые проанализирована проблема президентской риторики демонстрации контроля над преступностью, изучены схемы и тенденции президентской риторики в отношении киберпреступности. Авторы применяют качественный контент-анализ для проверки гипотезы, которая заключается в том, что президенты используют методики демонстрации контроля над преступностью при обсуждении киберпреступности, в частности,методы вымышленных нарративов и моральной обеспокоенности. В результате этого опасения широкой публики по поводу киберпреступности сглаживаются, а принятие значимых мер откладывается. Результаты исследования подтверждают выдвинутую гипотезу.


Практическая значимость: основные положения и выводы статьи могут быть использованы в научной и педагогической деятельности при рассмотрении вопросов, связанных с президентской риторикой демонстрации контроля над преступностью.


Ключевые слова :

демонстрация контроля над преступностью; киберпреступность; президентская риторика; моральная обеспокоенность; вымышленные нарративы


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Оригинальная публикация: https://ccjls.scholasticahq.com/article/3794-presidential-rhetoric-as-crime-control-theater-the-case-of-cybercrime


Цитирование :

Марион Н., Хилл Дж. Б. Президентская риторика демонстрации контроля над преступностью (на примере киберпреступности) // Актуальные проблемы экономики и права. 2018. Т. 12, № 4. С. 842–860. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21202/1993-047X.12.2018.4.842-860


Тип статьи : Научная статья

Дата поступления статьи :
17.09.2018

Дата принятия в печать :
18.11.2018

Дата онлайн размещения :
25.12.2018