Actual Problems of
Economics and Law




DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.11.2017.4.96-114

скачать PDF

Authors :
1. Timur V. Kramin, Doctor of Science in Economics, professor, Head of the Chair of Financial Management, Director of Scientific- Research Institute
Kazan Innovative University named after V. G. Timiryasov (IEML)

2. Ruslan A. Grigoryev, PhD in Economics (UK), Deputy director at Scientific-Research Institute; postgraduate student
Kazan Innovative University named after V. G. Timiryasov (IEML); Central Economic-Mathematical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences

3. Marat V. Kramin, PhD (Physics and Mathematics)
Bank Wells Fargo (Charlotte, North Carolina, US)

To the public procurement cost-effectiveness evaluation in Russia

Objective: to search for and substantiate the single criterion of economic efficiency of state purchases in Russia.

Methods: econometric modelling, benchmarking.

Results: the article identifies the need to assess the effectiveness of the state purchases system in Russia under the conditions of its reforming. The studies are analyzed, which are devoted to the approaches to estimating the state purchases efficiency and the problems of ensuring the transparency of purchasing procedures. Special attention is paid to the analysis of studying the benchmarking of state purchases, which helped to identify the key areas of benchmarking, focusing on certain performance indicators. To implement the research objective, the purchases effectiveness was analyzed from the viewpoint of the savings achieved. For this, we studied the evaluation of savings in purchases, as reflected in various sources of information, including the data of the state statistics authorities, audit and monitoring of purchases. As a result of the data systematization and generalization, we identified a functional relationship between savings in purchases and the average number of participants in the purchasing process. A similar conclusion was formulated according to the analysis of indicators of the national rating of purchases transparency. There was also built a functional dependency of the discount on increasing the number of purchasing participants up to five, for different ways of determining the provider. A slowdown of the discount to the initial price was revealed as the number of eligible applications grows.
Based on the regional rating of the public purchases “Purchases 360”, a factor analysis of differences of the Russian constituent entities was carried out, in terms of savings. The analysis confirmed the hypothesis about the existence of a relationship between savings and the level of competition in purchases. The study also identified other factors that determine the level of savings under competitive procedures: the indicators of planning quality and of institutional conflict (violations of antimonopoly legislation).

Scientific novelty: on the basis of several alternative data sources, the study formulated and confirmed the hypothesis about the dependency of the average savings from the competitive purchasing procedures in a region on the average number of admitted applications in one procedure. The method is proposed of evaluating the performance of a federal contract system in the Russian regions on the basis of the potential economic losses in the region in the framework of public purchases. A specific feature and scientific novelty of the work is the use of benchmarking tools for each of the 82 Russian regions included in the sample.

Practical significance: the method is proposed of evaluating the performance of a federal contract system in the Russian regions. The methodology is based on an indicator of the amount of potential economic losses in a region in the sphere of state purchases made in the framework of Federal Law No. 44-FZ.

Keywords :

Economics and national economy management; State purchases; Federal contract system; Economic efficiency; Savings; Benchmarking; Competitive procedures; Economic losses of the state order

Bibliography :

1. Kumar A., Ozdamar L., Peng Ng C. Procurement performance measurement system in the health care industry, International journal of health care quality assurance, 2005, vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 152–166.
2. Baur F. T. V. A Personal History of the Model Procurement Code, Public Contract Law Journal, 1996, pp. 149–172.
3. Raymond J. Benchmarking in public procurement, Benchmarking: An International Journal, 2008, vol. 15, No. 6, pp. 782–793.
4. Carr A. S., Smeltzer L. R. The relationship among purchasing benchmarking, strategic purchasing, firm performance, and firm size, Journal of Supply Chain Management, 1999, vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 51–60.
5. Patrucco A. S., Luzzini D., Ronchi S. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Public Procurement Performance Management Systems in Local Governments, Local Government Studies, 2016, vol. 42, No. 5, pp. 739–761.
6. Chamberland D. Boosting your best practices, Purchasing B2B, 2005, vol. 47, No. 6, pp. 16–17.
7. Palaneeswaran E., Kumaraswamy M. Benchmarking contractor selection practices in public-sector construction – a proposed model, Engineering Construction and Architectural Management, 2000, vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 285–299.
8. Rege V. Transparency in government procurement, J. World Trade, 2001, vol. 35, p. 489.
9. Deighton-Smith R. Regulatory transparency in OECD countries: overview, trends and challenges, Australian Journal of Public Administration, 2004, vol. 63, No. 1, pp. 66–73.
10. Pursglove J., Simpson M. Benchmarking the performance of English universities, Benchmarking: An International Journal, 2007, vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 102–122.
11. Tudor S. Benchmarking procurement, Benchmarking procurement: International Journal, 2005, vol. 12, No. 4, рр. 289–292.
12. Knudsen D. Procurement performance measurement system. 1999.
13. Sánchez-Rodríguez C., Martinez-Lorente A. R., Clavel J. G. Benchmarking in the purchasing function and its impact on purchasing and business performance, Benchmarking: An International Journal, 2003, vol. 10, No. 5, pp. 457–471.
14. Bhutta K. S., Huq F. Benchmarking – best practices: an integrated approach, Benchmarking: An International Journal, 1999, vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 254–268.
15. Brandmeier R. A., Rupp F. Benchmarking procurement functions: causes for superior performance, Benchmarking: An International Journal, 2010, vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 5–26.
16. OECD. Discussion paper on public procurement performance measures, OECD Meeting of Leading Practitioners on Public Procurement 2012.

17. OECD. Performance Measurement. Book-Brief 21, Paris: OECD Conference. 2011.
18. Shamrin A. T., Balaeva O. N., Belogurova E. B., Golovshchinskii K. I., Dzhuzhoma V. V., Eremenko N. V., Ilyushin D. M., Kopylova N. I., Maslova N. S., Ovchinnikov A. V., Pogorelko M. Yu., Serazhetdinov R. R., Tkachenko A. V., Turchan M. S., Khafizov T. R., Yakovlev A. A. Annual report “On the system of purchases in the Russian Federation” – 2014, Moscow: NIU VShE, 2014, 301 p. (in Russ.).
19. Khvalynskii D. S. On some solutions of topical issues of public purchase auctions in Russia, Aktual'nye problemy ekonomiki i prava, 2014, No. 3 (31), pp. 95–99 (in Russ.).
20. Merkulov M. A. On the issue of corruptin factors in the sphere of purchases of goods, works and services at municipal level, Aktual'nye problemy ekonomiki i prava, 2012, No. 4 (24), pp. 70–75 (in Russ.).
21. Sidorenko A. I. Legal uncertainty as a means of limiting competitiveness in the sphere of state and municipal purchases, Aktual'nye problemy ekonomiki i prava, 2014, No. 4 (32), pp. 78–84 (in Russ.).
22. Zemlin A. I. Topical legal aspects of corruption counteraction when making purchases for state needs, Aktual'nye problemy ekonomiki i prava, 2015, No. 1 (33), pp. 238–244 (in Russ.).
23. Yakovlev A. A., Tkachenko A. V., Demidova O. A., Balaeva O. N. Comparative analysis of purchasing activity of state entities of the similar sphere of activity, Voprosy gosudarstvennogo i munitsipal'nogo upravleniya, 2013, No. 2, pp. 5–36 (in Russ.).
24. Yakovlev A., Demidova O., Balaeva O. Causes of reducing prices at auctions and problems of state contaracts execution (empirical analysis based on micro-data), Voprosy ekonomiki, 2012, vol. 1, pp. 65–83 (in Russ.).
25. Yakovlev A. A., Demidova O. A. Reforming the system of state purchases and practice of selecting suppliers for state needs in Russia in 2004 and 2008 (bythe data of inspections of processing industry enterprises), Ekonomicheskii zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki, 2010, vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 202–226 (in Russ.).
26. Kramin T. V., Grigoryev R. A., Kramin M. V. Estimating the influence fo the Russian federal contractual system on the efficiency of state purchases: regional analysis, Vektor nauki Tol'jattinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, Ser. Ekonomika i upravlenie, 2015, No. 3, pp. 30–33 (in Russ.)
27. Gafurova G. T., Notfullina G. N., Fukina S. P. State purchases as a tool for developing small and middle businesses in Russia, Ekonomika regiona, 2016, vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 1233–1243 (in Russ.).
28. Bazanova E. State purchases do not yield to reform, Vedomosti, 2015, No. 3841, 29 maya, available at: http://www.vedomosti.ru/economics/articles/2015/05/29/594247-vshe-korruptsiya-pri-goszakaze-ne-snizhaetsya (access date: 20.06.2017)
(in Russ.).
29. Bazanova E. Vexed purchases, Vedomosti, 2015, No. 3853, 17 iyunya, available at: http://www.vedomosti.ru/economics/articles/2015/06/17/596634-minekonomrazvitiya-na-zakupkah-byudzhet-sekonomil-v-2014-g-pochti-900-mlrd-rublei (access date: 08.09.2017) (in Russ.).
30. ROSSTAT. Statistics of purchasing, available at: http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/finance/ostatistics/ (access date: 05.02.2017) (in Russ.).
31. NRPT. National ranking of purchases transparency, available at: http://www.nrpz.ru (access date: 05.02.2017). (in Russ.).
32. Purchases 360. Ranking of efficiency of the Russian regions, available at: http://ratings.z360gov.ru/ (access date: 05.02.2017) (in Russ.).

Citation :

Kramin T. V., Grigoryev R. A., Kramin M. V. To the public procurement cost-effectiveness evaluation in Russia, Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 2017, vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 96–114 (in Russ.). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21202/1993-047X.11.2017.4.96-114

Type of article : The scientific article

Date of receipt of the article :

Date of adoption of the print :

Date of online accommodation :