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Actual Problems of
Economics and Law

 

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DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.09.2015.1.278-282

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Authors :
1. Akhat Akhnafovich Yunusov, Doctor of Law, Professor, Associate Professor
Moscow Humanitarian and Economic Institute, Nizhnekamsk, Russia

2. Tatyana Valentinovna Serkova, Post-graduate student
Nizhniy Novgorod Academy of the Russian Ministry of Domestic Affairs Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia



Administrative prejudgment in the Russian criminal law


Objective: basing on the research of formation and development of the administrative prejudgment in the Russian criminal law and comparative-legal analysis of this institution, as well as the long-term experience in crime investigation, to trace the problems and trends of administrative prejudgment and prove the necessity to introduce, or, to be more precise, legalize the administrative prejudgment in the Russian criminal law.

Methods: the research is based on the general dialectic method of cognition, comparative, historical, formal-juridical methods, as well as special and private-legal methods of research.

Results: analysis of the main problems and collisions of administrative prejudgment in the Russian criminal law, the doctrine and the practice of implementation of this institution can become the basis for legalization of the administrative prejudgment in the Russian criminal law and implementing it for the crimes stipulated in the Special part of the Russian Criminal Code, if they are of low or middle gravity and committed intentionally, those most often occurred. The article studies the institution of the administrative prejudgment in the Russian criminal law since 1922 until present. Various researchers’ opinions are given for and against returning of this institution. Taking into account the criminological indicators, the authors express their own opinion on legalization of the administrative prejudgment.

Scientific novelty: having abandoned the formal approach to the institution of the administrative prejudgment both in the Russian criminal law and in the foreign laws, the authors believe that the criminal personality should be the central factor of the administrative prejudgment legalization. In this context the authors state the direct connection between the personal features of a criminal, including their inclination to immoral and illegal behavior, and the crime committed by them.

Practical value: the theoretical conclusions formulated in the research can and should be used in scientific, law-making and practical legal activity for legalization of the administrative prejudgment. That can reduce the level of repeated crimes, differentiate criminal and administrative liability, provide an opportunity for the prompt and efficient responses to the committed crimes.
 


Keywords :

Prejudgment; Criminal legislation; Administrative legislation; Criminal personality; Repeated crime; Crime; Criminal liability; Administrative punishment


Bibliography :

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Citation :

Yunusov A.A., Serkova T.V. Administrative prejudgment in the Russian criminal law, Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 2015, No. 1 (33), pp. 278–282.
 


Type of article : The scientific article

Date of receipt of the article :
05.02.2015

Date of adoption of the print :
07.03.2015

Date of online accommodation :
15.04.2015