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Actual Problems of
Economics and Law

 

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DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.09.2015.1.88-92

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Authors :
1. Tatyana Nikolayevna Mikheyeva, Chairperson of Civic Chamber of Mari El Republic, Doctor of Law, Professor
Mari El State University, Yoshkar-Ola, Russia



On civic chambers of municipalities


Objective: to investigate the role of civic chambers in the system of civil society institutions in local communities. To achieve this objective, it is necessary to identify the features of legal regulation of their organization, to formulate the most optimal legal algorithms in this direction.

Methods: the research is based on a complex of various methods. The key method is the dialectical one, which allowed to make a comprehensive and objective review of the system of civic chambers in the Russian Federation, to define the place of this institution in municipalities. Classical methods were used: analysis, analogy, ascent from the abstract to the concrete. Systemic-structural method allowed to identify the features of civic chambers in the system of Russian municipalities. Formal legal method became the basis for the study and analysis of the regulatory framework governing the establishment of the mentioned public institutions. In the study, other methods were also used.


Results: the study has allowed to identify the specific features of municipal civic chambers, that is, the necessity to make them maximally close to the citizens and public institutions of the local community. Therefore a special order of their formation was proposed, which excludes participation of local governments in this process. The basic legal rules are justified, which govern the organization of the civic chambers of municipalities.


Scientific novelty: in the absence of federal legal act governing the establishment of the municipal civic chambers, the basic legal provisions for their formation are proposed for the first time.

Practical value: the possibility of applying the obtained results in the law-making activity of Federation subjects and normative activity of municipalities. The research results can be used in scientific activity and in law-enforcement practice.
 


Keywords :

Civic chamber; Citizens; Public associations; Municipality; Local self-government; Federation subjects; The Russian Federation


Bibliography :

1. Doklad o sostoyanii grazhdanskogo obshchestva v Rossiiskoi Federatsii za 2014 g. (Report on civic society in the Russian Federation in 2014). Moscow: Obshchestvennaya palata RF, 2014.
2. Mikheev, D.S. Nekotorye aspekty pravovogo regulirovaniya deyatel'nosti obshchestvennykh palat v sub"ektakh Rossiiskoi Federatsii (Some aspects of regulation of civic chambers activity in the Russian Federation subjects). Sovremennoe pravo, 2014, no. 3, pp. 48–49.
3. Grib, V.V. Postateinyi nauchno-prakticheskii kommentarii Federal'nogo zakona ot 21 iyulya 2014 g. № 212-FZ "Ob osnovakh obshchestvennogo kontrolya v Rossiiskoi Federatsii" (By-article scientific-practical comments for Federal law of July 21, 2014 N 212-ФЗ “On the bases of public control in the Russian Federation”). Moscow: Yurist, 2014.
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6. Mikheeva, T.N., Yaichnikova, Yu.S. Obshchestvennye palaty sub"ektov Rossiiskoi Federatsii: novye tendentsii i perspektivy (Civic chambers of the Russian Federation subjects: new trends and prospects). Yuridicheskii mir, 2015, no. 1, pp. 104–107.
7. Mikheeva, T.N. Ob aktual'nykh tendentsiyakh v pravovom regulirovanii statusa Obshchestvennoi palaty Rossiiskoi Federatsii (On the topical trends in legal regulation of the status of Civic Chamber of the Russian Federation). Yuridicheskii mir, 2013, no. 5, pp. 11–13.
 


Citation :

Mikheyeva T.N. On civic chambers of municipalities, Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 2015, No. 1 (33), pp. 88–92.
 


Type of article : The scientific article

Date of receipt of the article :
06.02.2015

Date of adoption of the print :
09.03.2015

Date of online accommodation :
15.07.2015