по-русски

Actual Problems of
Economics and Law

 

16+

 

DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.09.2015.1.39-45

скачать PDF

Authors :
1. Aleksandr Valeryevich Krasnov, PhD (Law), Associate Professor
Russian State University of Justice, Kazan, Russia



Sanction in the Russian legal reality: level research


Objective: to form scientifically grounded knowledge on the role and place of legal sanctions in the Russian legal reality at all levels.

Methods: general philosophic methods (dialectic, synergetic, phenomenological); general scientific methods (systemic-structural, logical); specific-scientific methods (formal-juridical, comparative-legal).


Results: basing on the systemic-structural and comparative research of the levels of legal reality, as well as the functions and roles performed by each sanction, it is shown, how the conceptions of the sanctions and objectives of their implementation depend on subjective and objective factors, how the official confirmation of the functions of legal sanctions in Russia differs from their actual implementation in the legal reality. In the Russian legal reality we propose to extinguish several levels: law awareness and legal mentality, law proper and law enforcement practice, and legal behavior (the subject’s view on justice and its correlation with the existing law). At each level the legal sanctions perform a certain role and are represented in a certain form. The necessity is actualized to use abroad range of methods for legal sanctions research (sociological, psychological, statistical), in order to more specifically confirm their content in legislation and predict their efficient implementation.


Scientific novelty: for the first time the attempt is made to study the role and function of legal sanctions at different levels of legal reality.


Practical value: the main provisions and conclusions can be used in both scientific-educational activity and in elaborating drafts of legislative acts to confirm legal sanctions. The author’s comments and proposals can be used for estimating the probable informational and motivational impact of sanction on the human conscience and behavior, and when evaluating the interests’ conflict in forming the sanctions content.
 


Keywords :

 Legal sanction; Legal norm; Legal reality; Law interpretation; Methodology; Legal behavior; Legal mentality; State compulsion; Existing law; Juridical conflict


Bibliography :

1. Cohn, G. Existentialism and Legal Science. New-York: Occana publications Inc., 1967, 148 p.
2. Kaufman, A. Preliminary Remarks on a Legal Logic and Ontology of Relations. Law, Interpretation and Reality, 1990, pp. 104–123.
3. Moore, M.S. Excerpts from Legal Reality. Associations. Journal for Legal and Social Theory, 2003, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 145–157.
4. Bachinin, V.A. Nepravo (negativnoe pravo) kak kategoriya i sotsial'naya realiya (Non-law (negative law) as a category and social realia). Gosudarstvo i pravo, 2001, no. 5, pp. 14–20.
5. Ikonnikova, G.I., Lyashenko, V.P. Osnovy filosofii prava (Bases of the philosophy of law). Moscow: INFRA-M, Ves' mir, 2001, 256 p.
6. Maksimov, S.I. Pravovaya real'nost': opyt filosofskogo osmysleniya (Legal reality: experience of philosophic interpretation). Khar'kov: Pravo, 2002, 328 p.
7. Slobodnyuk, S.L. Pravovaya real'nost' i krizis pravosoznaniya (Legal reality and crisis of legal awareness). Saarbrьcken, Deutschland: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2012, 360 p.
8. Polyakov, A.V. Obshchaya teoriya prava: fenomenologo-kommunikativnyi podkhod (General theory of law: phenomenology-communicative approach). Saint-Petersburg: Yuridicheskii tsentr press, 2003, 845 p.
9. Chestnov, I.L. Pravoponimanie v epokhupostmoderna (Law interpretation in the post-modern epoch). Saint-Petersburg: IVESEP, Znanie, 2002, 272 p.
10. Krasnov, A.V. Pravovaya sanktsiya v kontekste predostavitel'no-obyazyvayushchego kharaktera normy prava (Legal sanction in the context of granting-obliging character of legal norm). Nauchnyi Tatarstan. Seriya "Gumanitarnye nauki. Yuridicheskie i sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie nauki", 2010,no. 1, pp. 126–133.
11. Kret, O.V. Pravovaya real'nost': ontologo-gnoseologicheskii analiz: avtoref. dis. … kand. filos. nauk (Legal reality: ontological-gnoseological analysis: abstract of PhD (Philosophy) thesis). Tambov, 2007, 24 p.
12. Slobodnyuk S.L. Pravovaya real'nost' i pravosoznanie v metodologicheskom diskurse(Legal reality and legal awareness in methodological discourse), available at: http: www.teoria-practica.ru/-11-2012/law/slobodnyuk.pdfэ (accessed: 18.02.2014).
13. Maraikin, S.I. Filosofskii analiz problem voli v pravovoi real'nosti: avtoref. dis. … kand. filos. nauk (Philosophic analysis of will in legal reality: abstract of the PhD (Philosophy) thesis)). Magnitogorsk, 2004, 21 p.
14. Tarasov, N.N. Metodologicheskie problem yuridicheskoi nauki (Methodological issues of juridical science). Ekaterinburg: Izd-vo Gumanitarnogo un-ta, 2001, 264 p.
15. Demidov, A.I. Pravovedenie: ot metodologicheskogo anarkhizma k metodologicheskomu plyuralizmu (Law studies: from methodological anarchism to methodological pluralism). Gosudarstvo i pravo na rubezhe vekov (materialy Vseros. konf.). Problemy teorii i istorii. Moscow: Izd-vo IGiP RAN, 2001, pp. 125–130.
16. Skorobogatov, A.V. Metodologiya issledovaniya prava v sovremennom rossiiskom pravovedenii (Methodology of law studies in the modern Russian legal science). Yuridicheskaya nauka, 2012, no. 4, pp. 19–22.
17. Marks, K., Engels, F. Sochineniya (Works): in 39 vol. Vol. 3. Moscow, 1995. 171 p.
18. Baitin, M.I. Sushchnost' prava (Sovremennoe normativnoe pravoponimanie na grani dvukh vekov) (Essence of law (Modern normative law interpretation at the verge of two centuries). Moscow: OOO ID "Pravo i gosudarstvo", 2005, 544 p.
19. Kudryavtsev, V.N. Yuridicheskaya konfliktologiya (Juridical conflictology). Moscow: Izd-vo IGiP RAN, 1995, 316 p.
20. Babaev, V.K. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik (Theory of state and law: textbook). Moscow: Yurist", 2007, 252 p.
21. Campos, A.S. Aquinas's lexiniusta non estlex: a Test of Legal Validity. Source: Archivfuer Rechts - und Sozial philosphie, 2014, vol. 100, no. 3, pp. 366–378 (13), available at: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/fsv/arsp/2014/00000100/00000003/art00006 (accessed: 18.10.2014)
22. Tyler, J. A Pragmatic Standard of Legal Validity. Dissertation, available at: http://philpapers.org/rec/TYLAPS (accessed: 18.10.2014)
23. Romashov, R.A. Realisticheskii pozitivizm: sovremennyi tip integrativnogo pravoponimaniya (Realistic positivism: modern type of integrative law interpretation). Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Pravovedenie, 2005, no. 1, pp. 4–11.
24. Bibikhin, V.V. Vvedenie v filosofiyu prava (Introduction to the philosophy of law). Moscow: IF RAN, 2005, 345 p.
25. Gadzhiev, G.A. Ontologiya prava: (kriticheskoe issledovanie yuridicheskogo kontsepta deistvitel'nosti): monografiya (Ontology of law: (critical study of the juridical concept of reality): monograph). Moscow: Norma: INFRA M, 2013, 320 p.
26. Matuzov, N.I., Mal'ko, A.V. Mekhanizm pravovogo regulirovaniya. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava. Kurslektsii (Mechanism of legal regulation. Theory of state and law. Lecture course). Moscow: Yurist", 1997, pp. 626–632.
27. Khuk, M. Pravo kak kommunikatsiya (Law as communication). Saint-Petersburg: Izdatel'skii dom SPbGU, OOO "Universitetskii izdatel'skii konsortsium", 2012, 288 p.
 


Citation :

Krasnov A.V. Sanction in the Russian legal reality: level research, Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 2015, No. 1 (33), pp. 39–45.

 


Type of article : The scientific article

Date of receipt of the article :
25.11.2014

Date of adoption of the print :
14.02.2015

Date of online accommodation :
15.04.2015