по-русски

Actual Problems of
Economics and Law

 

16+

 

DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.09.2015.3.150-156

скачать PDF

Authors :
1. Dilyara Chulpanovna Salikhova, applicant
Kazan (Volga) Federal University, Kazan, Russia



On the issue of professional activity as the main feature of assessment activity


Objective: basing on the comprehensive study of the content of the category "professional activity", to formulate the author's definition of the researched category as the main feature of assessment activity.

Methods: comparative-legal analysis, synthesis, analogy, and logical-systemic methods of generalization.


Results: the standardized features of the category "professional activity" are extinguished in relation to any kind of such activity in general, as well as differentiating features of professional assessment activity in particular. The relationship between the concepts of "professional activity" and "business activity" is studied,on the basis of which it is concluded that the professional activity can be both entrepreneurial and non-entrepreneurial; the criteria are proposed to distinguish between these types of professional activity. The author's definition of "professional business" and "non-professional activities" is formulated.The feature of professionalism assessment activity is defined and its criterion is shown. It is concluded that the assessment activity is a professional non-entrepreneurial activity, and therefore it is proposed to consolidate this provision in Article 3 of the Federal law "On valuation activities in the Russian Federation". The author's definition of the category of "professional activity" is developed as the main feature of assessmentactivity.


Scientific novelty: in the article for the first time it is proposed to distinguish the types of professional activity from the point of view of comparing it with business activity; criteria are established for distinguishing between professional entrepreneurial and non-entrepreneurial activities; definitions of these terms are formulated, as well as the definition of the category of "professional activity". In addition, for the first time the differentiating features of professional activity, are shown, which are inherent, in particular, to assessment activity.

Practical significance: the results of the study can be used to improve legislation on assessment activity, as well as in the legal regulation of other types of professional activity. The proposed conclusions can become the components of the theory of civil rights objects (service rendering) and be used in the educational process in the course of "Civil law (General part)" on "Objects of civil rights".
 


Keywords :

Professionalism; Professional activity; Business activity; Assessment activity; Civil law; Notarial activities; Advocacy; Physical person
 


Bibliography :

1.     Gerasimov, A.A. Pravovoe regulirovanie deyatel'nosti samoreguliruemykh organizatsii: dis. … kand. yurid. nauk (Legal regulation of the functioning of self-regulated organizations:  PhD (Law) thesis). Moscow, 2011, 224 p.
2.     Basova, A.V. Samoreguliruemye organizatsii kak sub"ekty predprinimatel'skogo prava: dis. … kand. yurid. nauk (Self-regulated organizationsas objects of entrepreneurial law: abstract of PhD (Law) thesis). Moscow, 2008, 218 p.
3.     Abdreev, T.I. Osobennosti funktsionirovaniya instituta professional'nogo otsenshchika v usloviyakh globalizatsii (Features of functioning of te professional assessor under globalization). Upravlenie ekonomicheskimi sistemami, available at: http://www.uecs.ru (accessed: 19.06.2015).
4.     Kondrashov, D.S. Grazhdansko-pravovoe regulirovanie otsenochnoi deyatel'nosti v Rossii: problemy teorii i praktiki. avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk (Civil-legal regulation of assessment activity in Russia: issues of theory and practice: abstract of PhD (Law) thesis). Moscow, 2012, 30 p.
5.     Kvanina, V.V. Professional'naya i predprinimatel'skaya deyatel'nost'. Stat'i po predmetu "Predprinimatel'skoe pravo" (Professional and entrepreneurial activity. Articles on “Entrepreneurial law”), available at: http://www.justicemaker.ru (accessed: 19.06.2015).
6.     Angelovskii, A.A. Analiz ponyatii professiya, professional'noe soznanie, professional'naya deyatel'nost', professionalizm (Analysis of the notions “profession”, “professionalawareness”, “professionalactivity”, “professionalism”). Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra Rossiiskoi akademii nauk, 2010, no. 5–2. Vol. 10, pp. 306–314, available at: http://cyberleninka.ru (accessed: 19.06.2015).
7.     Fedorov, A.F. Professional'naya deyatel'nost': ponyatie i priznaki (Professional activity: notion and features), available at: http://www.superinf.ru (accessed: 19.06.2015).
8.     Kuznetsov, M.V. Ponyatie i priznaki professional'noi deyatel'nosti na rynke tsennykh bumag (Notionand features of professional activity in the securities market). Yuridicheskaya biblioteka "Yuristlib", available at: http://www.juristlib.ru (accessed: 19.06.2015).
9.     Ozhegov, S.I. Slovar' russkogo yazyka: Ok. 57 000 (Dictionary of the Russian language: about 57 000 words). Moscow: Rus. yaz., 1988. 750 p.
10. Slovar' Ushakova D.N. (Dictionary by Ushakov D.N.), available at: http://ushakovdictionary.ru (accessed: 20.11.2014).
11.     Komissarova, Ya.V. Kontseptual'nye osobennosti professional'noi deyatel'nosti eksperta v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk (Conceptual features for professional activity of an expert in criminal procedure: Doctoral (Law) thesis). Moscow, 2013, 683 p.
12. Shaikhin B.N., Zhumanbaeva B.A. Aktual'nye problemy v sfere sudebno-ekspertnoi i ekspertno-otsenochnoi deyatel'nosti v Respublike Kazakhstan (Topical issues in the sphere of court-expertize and expert-assessment activity in Kazakhstan Republic). Izvestiya Tul'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ekonomicheskie i yuridicheskie nauki, 2013, no. 4-2/2013, pp. 415–418, available at: http://cyberleninka.ru  (accessed: 23.05.2015).
 


Citation :

Salikhova D.C. On the issue of professional activity as the main feature of assessment activity, Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 2015, No. 3, pp. 150–156.
 


Type of article : The scientific article

Date of receipt of the article :
08.06.2015

Date of adoption of the print :
02.08.2015

Date of online accommodation :
15.10.2015