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Actual Problems of
Economics and Law

 

16+

 

DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.09.2015.3.5-16

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Authors :
1. Valeriy Vladimirovich Shlychkov, Doctor of Economics, Professor of the Chair of Economic Theory
Kazan National Research Technical University named after A.N. Tupolev – KAI

2. Diana Rustamovna Nestulayeva, PhD (Economics), Associate Professor of the Chair of Management
Kazan State Energy University



Evolution of the global economic science as a factor of forming the expectations of economic agents


Objective: to reveal the correlation between the level of economic system development and the adequacy of economic ideas and conceptions at particular historic periods; to define the role of economic theory in generating economic knowledge, and the degree of its influence on economic subjects' behavior under permanent changes in technology setups and evolutionary development of economic systems.

Methods: the research methodology was based on ensuring the uniformity of logical and historical approaches; the research methods were widely used: descriptive, analysis and synthesis, deduction and induction, generalization, observation, prediction, scientific abstraction, statistical analysis, system analysis, and techniques of grouping and classification, methods of comparative historical and interdisciplinary analysis, expert judgment; the combination of these methods allowed to ensure the accuracy of the research and the validity of conclusions.

Results: the correlation was revealed between the level of economic system development and the adequacy of economic ideas and concepts at certain historical periods; the significant role of economic theory in shaping the optimal behavior of economic entitieswas identified; the purpose of the economic theory was statedass providing the evolutionary development of our civilization through the process of scientific-theoretical support of business activities of the society.

Scientific novelty: the main theoretical and methodological approaches were identified to the formation of economic agents expectations to obtain economic knowledge; the trends are revealed of expansion and qualitative change of the range of issues facing economists-researchers in the development of post-industrial society; the authors’ interpretation is proposed of the notion "economic agents’expectation", in which public expectations of economic science are viewed as "the formed society need for scientifically grounded economic knowledge"; it justifies the requirement for the formation of economic agentsexpectations, based on the principles of individual and social interestsbalance.

Practical significance: conclusions and suggestions can be used by public authorities in the formation and explanation of society's economic policy, as well as representatives of the economic community in conducting applied and fundamental scientific research, and in teaching.
 


Keywords :

 expectation; demand; economics; economic agent; concept; paradigm; theory; scientific school
 


Bibliography :

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7.    Filosofiya ekonomiki. Antologiya (Philosophy of economics. Anthology) / pod red. D. Khausmana. Moscow: Izd. Instituta Gaidara, 2012, 520 p.
8.    Shlychkov, V.V. 400 let evolyutsii: ot politekonomii do «ekonomiks» (400 years of evolution: from political economy to economics).Vestnik ekonomiki, prava i sotsiologii, 2014, no. 4, pp. 112–114.
 


Citation :

Shlychkov V.V., Nestulayeva D.R. Evolution of the global economic science as a factor of forming the expectations of economic agents, Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 2015, No. 3, pp. 5–16.


Type of article : The scientific article

Date of receipt of the article :
04.07.2015

Date of adoption of the print :
05.08.2015

Date of online accommodation :
15.10.2015