по-русски

Actual Problems of
Economics and Law

 

16+

 

DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.09.2015.4.261-272

скачать PDF

Authors :
1. Ekaterina D. Slobodenyuk, PhD (Sociology), Senior Lecturer
National Research University "Higher School of Economics", Moscow, Russia

2. Evgeniya D. Volkova, student
National Research University "Higher School of Economics", Moscow, Russia



Forms of cohesion in confinement institutions


Objective: to identify the diversity of cohesion forms in confinement institutions.

Methods: qualitative analyses based on in-depth semi-structured interviews.

Results: the study included adaptation of Western methodologies of the cohesion phenomenon analysis to the Russian reality, and operationalization of the moral bases of group cohesion. This served as the bases for designing a guide for in-depth semi-structured interviews; 10 interviews were conducted with people recently released from general and strict regime colonies. Content analysis of the interviews revealed a number of structural sections that demonstrate the diversity of cohesion forms, alongside with one that is most meaningful to the prisoners and therefore the most well perceived and articulated by respondents. Analysis of the latter allowed to identify a set of groups showing different degree and nature of cohesion. By the degree of cohesion one can identify the poorly cohesive groups ("louts"), moderately cohesive ("reds", "thieves") and highly cohesive ("fighters"). By the nature of cohesion in the prisoners’ community, there are both groups united on the basis of social morality ("reds", "thieves") and groups demonstrating a high degree of cohesion based on the social justice morality ("fighters"). A detailed analysis of the latter group also showed that the cohesion can have both traits of morality, social justice, and features of social order moral.

Scientific novelty: using the socio-psychological theory of the moral motives in determining the bases of cohesion.

Practical significance: the research results can be applied for the development of socio-psychological techniques for the penal system reform.


Keywords :

penitentiary system; penal system; cohesion; structure; prisoners; norms; values; social order morality; social justice morality


Bibliography :

1. Gofman, A. B. Probuzhdenie sotsiologicheskoi idei: sotsial'naya solidarnost' (Revival of sociological doctrine: social cohesion) // Sotsiologiya i obshchestvo: global'nye vyzovy i regional'noe razvitie. Ufa, 2012.
2. Devyatko, I. F. Metody sotsiologicheskogo issledovaniya (Methods of sociological research). Ekaterinburg: Izd-vo Ural'sk. un-ta, 1998.
3. Dyurkgeim, E. Sotsial'nyi element v samoubiistve (Socila element in suicide), 1897 // Biblioteka Gumer. Available at: http://www.gumer.info/bibliotek_Buks/Sociolog/Durkgeim/_Soc_Suicid.php (accessed: 20.06.2015).
4. Pechenkin, V. V., Aleshina, M. A. Sotsial'naya splochennost' kak element formirovaniya novoi sotsial'noi politiki (Social cohesion as an element of forming the new social policy) // Innovatsionnaya deyatel'nost', 2013, no. 4, pp. 133–143.
5. Yarskaya, V. N., Yarskaya-Smirnova, E. R. Sotsial'naya splochennost': vybor ideologii i mekhanizmov realizatsii (Social cohesion: choosing the ideology and implementation mechanisms) // Intelligentsiya i idealy rossiiskogo obshchestva / pod red. Zh. Toshchenko. M.: RGGU, 2010, pp. 150–159.
6. Yarskaya-Smirnova, E. R., Yarskaya, V. N. Sotsial'naya splochennost': napravleniya teoreticheskoi diskussii i perspektivy sotsial'noi politiki (Social cohesion: directions of theoretical discussion and prospects of social policy) // Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsial'noi antropologii, 2014, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 41–61.
7. Gilligan, C. In a different voice: psychological theory and women's development. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1982.
8. Haidt, J. The new synthesis in moral psychology // Science, 2007, vol. 316, pp. 998–1002.
9. Haidt, J., Graham, J. When morality opposes justice: Conservatives have moral intuitions that liberals may not recognize // Social Justice Research, 2007, vol. 20, pp. 98–116.
10. Haidt, J., Joseph, C. The moral mind: How 5 sets of innate moral intuitions guide the development of many culture-specific virtues, and perhaps even modules / Carruthers P., Laurence S., Stich S. (Eds.). The innate mind, vol. 3.  NY: Oxford University Press, 2007, pp. 367–391.
11. Janoff-Bulman, R. Conscience: The do’s and don’ts of moral regulation. // Milkuciner M., Shaver P. (Eds.) The social psychology
of morality: Exploring the causes of good and evil. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2011, pp. 131–148.
12. Janoff-Bulman, R., Carnes, N. C. Surveying the Moral Landscape: Moral Motives and Group-Based Moralities // Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2013, no. 17 (3), pp. 219–236.
13. Kohlberg, L. Essays on Moral Development, vol. I: The Philosophy of Moral Development. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1981.
 


Citation :

Slobodenyuk E. D., Volkova E. D. Forms of cohesion in confinement institutions // Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 2015, no. 4, pp. 261–272.
 


Type of article : The scientific article

Date of receipt of the article :
17.08.2015

Date of adoption of the print :
23.10.2015

Date of online accommodation :
15.01.2016