по-русски

Actual Problems of
Economics and Law

 

16+

 

DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.09.2015.4.42-49

скачать PDF

Authors :
1. Ruslan O. Dolotov, PhD (Law)
National Research University «Higher School of Economics», Moscow, Russia



Efficiency of the institution of independent anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and their drafts


Objective: to determine the factors affecting the efficiency of civil society representatives accredited by the Russian Ministry of Justice as independent experts authorized to conduct anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and their drafts, as well as the main problems faced by independent experts in conducting the anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and their drafts (by the example of Saratov oblast).

Methods: general scientific methods of theoretical cognition and sociological method of empirical data collection (in-depth interviews).

Results: the main problems are revealed associated with low efficiency of the institution of independent anti-corruption expertise; comprehensive proposals are developed for improving its effectiveness; in particular, it is proposed to establish administrative responsibility for failure to give (ignoring) a reasoned answer to the conclusions submitted by independent experts; to stipulate additional requirements for applicants (natural persons) for obtaining the status of an independent expert (other than those currently stipulated: higher professional education and work experience in the specialty not less than 5 years); when developing the next National plan for corruption counteraction in Russia, to include instructions to the Russian Ministry of Justice on the organization of monitoring of the accredited independent experts efficiency, as well as on preparing and periodically publishing the e-Bulletin, dedicated to independent anti-corruption examination; it is necessary to stipulate liability (in the form of deprivation of the independent expert status) for deliberately false anti-corruption expertise, and for anti-corruption examination in the case of lobbying.

Scientific novelty: it is concluded that the key directions to increase the efficiency of independent anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and their drafts are: a more detailed regulation of the status of the independent expert and the interaction of developers of normative legal acts with independent experts, including the regulation of procedures of monitoring of independent experts’ functioning.

Practical significance: implementation of the proposals will enhance the work of civil society representatives accredited as independent experts.
 


Keywords :

independent anti-corruption expertise; corruption; independent experts; expert opinion; corruption-generating factor; normative legal act


Bibliography :

1. Shumanov, I. V. Nezavisimaya antikorruptsionnaya ekspertiza normativnykh pravovykh aktov (Independent anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts) // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika, 2011, no. 6, pp. 77–80.
2. Lopashenko, N. A., Dolotov, R. O. Antikorruptsionnaya ekspertiza normativnykh pravovykh aktov i ikh proektov (sravnitel'no-pravovoe issledovanie) (Anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and their drafts (comparative-legal research)) // Organizovannaya prestupnost' i korruptsiya: rezul'taty kriminologicheskikh issledovanii, is. 5. Saratov: Saratovskii tsentr po issledovaniyu problem organizovannoi prestupnosti i korruptsii; Satellit, 2010, pp. 6–55.
3. Shumanov, I. V. Nezavisimaya antikorruptsionnaya ekspertiza normativnykh pravovykh aktov kak effektivnyi instrument vliyaniya grazhdanskogo obshchestva na organy publichnoi vlasti (Independent anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts as an effective tool of the civil society influence on public authorities) // Yurist-Pravoved, 2011, no. 4, pp. 16–20.
4. Kamenskaya, E. V., Rozhdestvina, A. A. Nezavisimaya antikorruptsionnaya ekspertiza kak faktor povysheniya pravovoi kul'tury v sfere pravotvorchestva (Independent anti-corruption expertise as a factor of increasing legal culture in the sphere of law making) // Pravovaya kul'tura, 2010, no. 2, pp. 100–108.
5. Andryukhina, O. V. Pravovye aspekty zakonodatel'nogo regulirovaniya nezavisimoi antikorruptsionnoi ekspertizy: problemy, strategiya, izmeneniya (Legal aspects of legislative regulation of independent anti-corruption expertise: problems, strategy, changes) // Yuridicheskaya tekhnika, 2015, no. 9, pp. 96–99.
6. Kazantseva, O. L. Nezavisimaya antikorruptsionnaya ekspertiza: opravdalis' li ozhidaniya? (Independent anti-corruption expertise: have the expectations been realized?) // Evraziiskaya advokatura, 2015, no. 1, pp. 51–53.
7. Tonkov, E. E., Turanin, V. Yu. Nezavisimaya antikorruptsionnaya ekspertiza normativnykh pravovykh aktov i ikh proektov: problemy osushchestvleniya i vozmozhnosti ikh preodoleniya (Independent anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and their drafts: issues of implementation and possibilities of overcoming them) // Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya Pravo, 2015, no. 1, pp. 94–99.
8. Meleshko, A. O. Administrativno-pravovaya kharakteristika nezavisimoi antikorruptsionnoi ekspertizy (Administrative-legal characteristics of independent anti-corruption expertise) // Vestnik Chelyabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2012, no. 29, pp. 34–40.
9. Markiyanov, S. V., Egorycheva, E. A. Problemy provedeniya nezavisimoi antikorruptsionnoi ekspertizy: mnenie i predlozheniya nezavisimykh ekspertov (Problems of implementing the independent anti-corruption expertise: opinion and proposals of independent experts) // Monitoring pravoprimeneniya, 2012, no. 1, pp. 36–38.
10. Korobkin, A. N. Problemy osushchestvleniya nezavisimoi antikorruptsionnoi ekspertizy (Issues of implementation of independent anti-corruption expertise) // Zhurnal rossiiskogo prava, 2012, no. 9, pp. 60–65.
 


Citation :

 Dolotov R. O. Efficiency of the institution of independent anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and their drafts // Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 2015, no. 4, pp. 42–49.
 


Type of article : The scientific article

Date of receipt of the article :
14.10.2015

Date of adoption of the print :
14.11.2015

Date of online accommodation :
15.01.2016