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Actual Problems
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DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.14.2020.4.827-851

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Authors :
1. Anna A. Glukhova, PhD (Law), Associate Professor, Head of the Chair of Criminology
Nizhniy Novgorod Academy of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs

2. Aleksandr A. Iudin, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of the Chair of Applied Sociology
Nizhniy Novgorod State University named after N.I. Lobachevskiy

3. Dmitriy A. Shpilev, Doctor of Sociology, Associate Professor, Professor of the Chair of Criminology
Nizhniy Novgorod Academy of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs



Perception of anticorruption security by businesspersons of Nizhniy Novgorod region


Objective: to identify and disclose the characteristics of corruption crime and its impact on the business community of the Nizhny Novgorod region based on the data of an empirical sociological study.


Methods: the study is based on the questionnaire survey “Perception of anti-corruption security by businesspeople of the Nizhniy Novgorod region” (N = 408), conducted using scales developed by the authors. The system of indirect questions (projection method) allows revealing the attitude of entrepreneurs (small and middle business) to corruption situations and causes that generate them.


Results: the perception of corruption by representatives of small and middle businesses working in the Nizhny Novgorod region was analyzed. The overall level of tolerance for everyday manifestations of corruption in this group of respondents was determined, and correlations of gender, age, education, size of the enterprise and field of activity of respondents with their attitude to corruption were revealed. The authors formulated a number of recommendations for law enforcers engaged in implementing preventive measures against corruption crime (providing socially significant state and municipal services through multifunctional centers (MFC), excluding or minimizing direct contact between an entrepreneur and an official who makes a decision on a particular issue, developing civil society institutions to protect the rights of entrepreneurs, etc.).


Scientific novelty: the results obtained are of both theoretical and practical significance and can be used to improve the work of police regional divisions engaged in the field of anti-corruption. In addition, the scales developed by the authors (with a minimal variable part) have already been used in surveys of Nizhny Novgorod residents and police officers, allowing a comparative analysis of attitudes to corruption among different groups of the population.


Practical significance: based on the study, methodological recommendations were developed to improve the work of territorial bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in order to optimize the prevention of corruption crime in various groups and segments of the population.


Keywords :

Criminal law and criminology; Corruption crime; Public opinion; Crime prevention; Prevention of corruption offenses; Bribe; Official; Small and middle business


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Citation :

Glukhova A. A., Iudin A. A., Shpilev D. A. Perception of anticorruption security by businesspersons of Nizhniy Novgorod region, Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 2020, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 827–851 (in Russ.). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21202/1993-047X.14.2020.4.827-851


Type of article : The scientific article

Date of receipt of the article :
14.08.2020

Date of adoption of the print :
17.09.2020

Date of online accommodation :
25.12.2020